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Udaipur is known as the Venice of the east. It is also called the
city of lakes. The Lake Palace on Jag Niwas Island in the middle of
Pichola Lakes is the finest example of its architectural and cultural
explosion. The grand City Palace on the banks of the lake compliments
the palace along with the Monsoon Palace (Sajjan Garh) on the hill
above. Udaipur is also the centre for performing arts, craft and its
famed miniature paintings.The Shilp Gram festival is a center of attraction
during the season.
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Maharana Udai Singh II founded Udaipur in 1568 after his citadel Chittorgarh
was sacked by Mughal Emperor Akbar. The legends says that Udai Singh
was guided by a holy man meditating on the hill near Pichola Lake
to establish his capital on this very spot. Surrounded by Aravali
Ranges, forests and lakes this place was less vulnerable than Chittorgarh.
Maharana Udai Singh died in 1572 and was succeeded by Maharana Pratap
who valiantly defended Udaipur from subsequent Mughal attacks. Maharana
Pratap is the most revered Rajput icon and gallantly fought the Mughal
at the Haldighati in 1576. Mewar continuously defied foreign invaders
and has a history of bloody battles until the British intervention
in the nineteenth when a treaty was signed to protect Udaipur. Upon
independence Udaipur merged in the union of India.
The city of Dawn,Udaipur is a lovely land around the azure water lake,hemmed
in by the lush hills of the Aravallis. A vision in white drenched
in romance and beauty, Udaipur is a fascinating blend of sights, sound
and experiences and inspiration for the imagination of poets,painters
Its kaleidoscope of fairy-tale palaces,lakes,temples,gardens and narrow
lanes strewn with stalls,carry the flavor of a heroic past,epitomizing
valour and chivalry. Their reflection in the placid waters of the
Lake Pichhola is an enticing sight.
Udiapur is the jewel of Mewar-a kingdom ruled by the Sisodia dynasty
for 1200 Years. The foundation of the city has an interesting legend
associated with it. According to it, Maharana Udai Singh, the founder,was
hunting one day when he met a holy man meditations on a hill overlooking
the Lake Pichhola.
The hermit blessed the Maharana and advised him to build a palace
at this favorable located spot with a fertile valley watered by the
stream, a lake,an agreeable altitude and an ampitheatre of low mountains.
Maharana followed the advise of the hermit and founded the city in
Overlooking the aquamarine expanses of the Lake Pichhola stands the
splendid City Palace-a marvel in granite and marble.
Of the original eleven gates of the Udaipur City,only five remain.
The Suraj Pol the original or Sun Gate on the eastern side is the
main entrance to the city.