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Pilgrimage :: Pushkar Pilgrimage
Every year, Pushkar comes alive in the joyous festivities, cultural
extravaganza and the cattle marketing of the famous Pushkar Fair.
This fair is one of the major cultural reflectors of the state of
Rajasthan and people from different parts of India gather on the fair
ground to participate in the various entertaining events there. Pushkar
pulsates with vibrant energy and activity during the fair held on
the Kartik Purnima, which falls on the month of October or November
and usually continues for about five days. The Pushkar Lake is considered
to be one of the holiest pilgrimage sites in India, the only one in
the country associated with Lord Brahma. The place simply teems with
the devotees and the holy men or sages in various garbs who come to
the temple (Jagat Pita Shri Brahma Mandir) to pray and take a holy
dip in the sacred waters of the Pushkar Lake. Apart from the religious
rituals and festivities, people participate in a number of cultural
and sporting events. The variety of folk dances and songs lend vivid
splashes of color and music to the atmosphere that is already charged
with excitement of the camel races and the cattle fair. The bargaining
process, which involves a great deal of haggling between the camel
traders and the buyers, add to the spirit of the fair. This fair attracts
people not only from India but a large number of tourists from other
countries as well. The Rajasthan tourism Development Corporation has
taken adequate measures to facilitate convenient access of the fair
site and to accommodate the fairgoers. The RTDC maintains the Pushkar
tourist village and the Sarovar Hotel in Pushkar. In the year 2000
the Pushkar Mela will be held from 9th to 11th November.
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Pushkar abounds in temples, the special attraction being, the temple
of Lord Brahma, the only temple in India, dedicated to Brahma. This
somewhat somnolent town reverberates with hectic activity during the
Places to Visit
The Brahma temple is an important pilgrim center for the Hindus. It
is nestled in the Pushkar valley, which lies beyond Nagaparvat and
the Anasagar Lake. This place, full of natural beauty, holds a special
place in the hearts of Indian for it is believed that Lord Brahma,
together with all the gods and goddesses, performed a Yagya here.
Legends also has it that the ancient lake Sarovar had appeared miraculously,
when a lotus fell from the hands of Lord Brahma and dropped into this
valley. Brahma Temple The most famous temple in Pushkar, this is the
only temple dedicated to Lord Brahma (the creator of the universe
according to Hindu mythology) in the entire country. You can identify
it by its red spire and by the image of a hans (the goose considered
sacred to Lord Brahma). This temple built with marble is decorated
with silver coins and there is a silver turtle on the floor of the
This is the temple dedicated to Lord Brahma's first wife. It is located
on the hill behind the Brahma temple, and one has to climb a long
series of steps to reach the destination. It gives a panoramic view
of the lake and surrounding sand dunes.
The gracious temple is very conpicuous, due to its south Indian style
of architecture. It has a high rising 'Gopuram' typical of southern
The Warah temple houses an image of lord Vishnu in the incarnation
of wild boar. The temples of Brahma and Warah are considered equally
important. This ancient temple believed to be constructed by King
Anaji Chauhan (1123-1150). Mythologically a very important temple
and is believed that Vishnu came on the earth in the incarnation of
Warah(wild boar) to kill the demon Hirnayaksh and liberate the land
from his atrocities.
Another important temple of the town, the 12th century temple is dedicated
to Lord Shiva.
Pushkar boasts temples, through few are as ancient pilgrimage site
many were destroyed by Aurangzeb and subsequently rebuilt. The most
famous is what is said to be the only temple in India dedicated to
Brahma. It's marked by a red spire and over the entrance gateway is
the hans, or goose symbol, of Brahma, who is said to have personally
chosen Pushkar as its site. The Rangji Temple chosen is also important.
The one - hour trek up to the hilltop temple overlooking the lake
is best made early in the morning; the view is magnificent.
Numerous Ghats run down to the lake, and pilgrims are constantly bathing
in the lake's holy waters. If you wish to join them, do it with respect
- remove your shoes, don't smoke and don't take photographs. This
is not Varanasi and the pilgrims here can be very touchy about insensitive
instruction by non - Hindus.